What is Special Education?
Special education is education that is individually tailored to meet the unique needs of a student that result from his or her disability. Special education is provided free of charge by public schools under Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE).
Special Education May Be:
- An individulized education curriculum that is different from same age peers who do not have disabilities
- The same curriculum but includes accommodations and modifications
- A combination of both
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act's (IDEA) definition of Special Education:
Special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including—
(i) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and
(ii) Instruction in physical education.
Minnesota has 13 categorical disabilities including:
- Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
- Blind-Visually Impaired (BVI)
- Deaf and Hard of Hearing (D/HH)
- Deaf-Blind (DB)
- Developmental Cognitive Disabilities (DCD)
- Developmental Delay (DD)
- Emotional or Behavioral Disorders (EBD)
- Other Health Disabilities (OHD)
- Physically Impaired (PI)
- Severely Multiply Impaired (SMI)
- Specific Learning Disabilties (SLD)
- Speech or Language Impairments (SLI)
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)